○ Home     ○ Research      ○ Publications     ○ Curriculum Vitae     ○ Pop Articles     ○ Talks     ○ For Fun      ○ My Blog    

Publication List



  • Jingjing Zhang,Xiaodan Lou,H. Zhang, Jiang Zhang: Modeling collective attention in online and flexible learning environments; Distance Education 40:3, pages 303-308., [download]
  • Understanding how collective attention flow circulates amid an over-abundance of knowledge is a key to designing new and better forms of online and flexible learning experiences. This study adopted an open flow network model and the associated distance metrics to gain an understanding of collective attention flow using clickstream data in a massive open online course. Various patterns and dynamics of attention flow were identified and are discussed here in relation to learning performance. The results show that the effective accumulation, circulation, and dissipation of attention flow are important contributors to academic attainment. Understanding the patterns and dynamics of attention flow will allow us to design cost-effective learning resources to prevent learners from becoming overloaded.

  • Zhang Zhang,Yi Zhao,Jing Liu, Shuo Wang, Ruyi Tao, Ruyue Xin, Jiang Zhang: A General Deep Learning Framework for Network Reconstruction and Dynamics Learning; Applied Network Science, 4, 110 (2019), [download]
  • 本文章提出了一种通用的网络结构及其动力学重构技术。采用Gumbel softmax采样和图网络技术相结合,我们可以针对离散、连续、二值的时间序列数据进行网络和动力学重构,准确度超过了对比模型。


  • Ruiqi Li,Lei Dong,Jiang Zhang, Xinran Wang, Wen-xu Wang, E.G. Stanley: Simple spatial scaling rules behind complex cities; Nature Communications 8, 1841 (2017), [download]
  • 城市自其出现以来,已然成为人类发展的重要驱动,目前全球有超过50%的人口居住在城市之中,超过80%的财富与90%的创新都产生于城市;但城市的发展同时也带来许多社会问题,例如污染、交通拥堵、各类犯罪等等。城市是典型的由多种元素构成的复杂系统,过去的研究往往只关注于城市的某一方面,而且目前对于城市的定量研究仍不够充分,难以定量预测城市中主要元素的空间分布(例如人口、道路、与社会经济相关的相互作用等等)。本文基于空间吸引和匹配生长机制提出了一个简单模型,首次揭示了城市中主要元素的空间标度律,而且各主要元素可以由统一的框架来解释,而这使得我们可以使用任何单一的分布来对其他的分布进行推断。此外文中提出的模型不但可以解释介观尺度的空间分布,还可以对跨城市的宏观超线性与亚线性标度律的起源作出一般性解释,并准确预测公里级的社会经济活动。而且我们的理论方法也突破了过去城市研究领域中全局平均场理论的假设,直接从增长演化的视角对城市进行建模。文章还提出一些全新的概念,例如活跃人口,这一概念可以解决过去对于人口分布形式究竟是指数还是幂律的部分争论,还可应用于城市街区安全评估。简言之,我们的工作提出了揭示城市元素间相互作用与演变的新视角和新方法,未来它将有广泛的应用场景。

  • Gu, Weiwei, Li Gong,Xiaodan Lou, Jiang Zhang: The Hidden Flow Structure and Metric Space of Network Embedding Algorithms Based on Random Walks; Scientific Reports, 7: 13114 , [download]
  • Network embedding which encodes all vertices in a network as a set of numerical vectors in accordance with it’s local and global structures, has drawn widespread attention. Network embedding not only learns significant features of a network, such as the clustering and linking prediction but also learns the latent vector representation of the nodes which provides theoretical support for a variety of applications, such as visualization, link prediction, node classification, and recommendation. As the latest progress of the research, several algorithms based on random walks have been devised.
    Although those algorithms have drawn much attention for their high scores in learning efficiency and accuracy, there is still a lack of theoretical explanation, and the transparency of those algorithms has been doubted. Here, we propose an approach based on the open-flow network model to reveal the underlying flow structure and its hidden metric space of different random walk strategies on networks. We show that the essence of embedding based on random walks is the latent metric structure defined on the open-flow network. This not only deepens our understanding of random- walk-based embedding algorithms but also helps in finding new potential applications in network embedding.


  • Lei Dong,Ruiqi Li,Jiang Zhang, Zengru Di: Population-weighted efficiency in transportation networks; Scientific Reports, 6: 26377, 2016, [download]
  • Transportation efficiency is critical for the operation of cities and is attracting great attention worldwide. Improving the transportation efficiency can not only decrease energy consumption, reduce carbon emissions, but also accelerate people’s interactions, which will become more and more important for sustainable urban living. Generally, traffic conditions in less-developed countries are not so good due to the undeveloped economy and road networks, while this issue is rarely studied before, because traditional survey data in these areas are scarce. Nowadays, with the development of ubiquitous mobile phone data, we can explore the transportation efficiency in a new way. In this paper, based on users’ call detailed records (CDRs), we propose an indicator named population-weighted efficiency (PWE) to quantitatively measure the efficiency of the transportation networks. PWE can provide insights into transportation infrastructure development, according to which we identify dozens of inefficient routes at both the intra- and inter-city levels, which are verified by several ongoing construction projects in Senegal. In addition, we compare PWE with excess commuting indices, and the fitting result of PWE is better than excess commuting index, which also proves the validity of our method.


  • Xiaodan Lou,You Li,Weiwei Gu, Jiang Zhang: The Atlas of Chinese World Wide Web Ecosystem Shaped by the Collective Attention Flows; PLoS ONE 11(11): e0165240, 2016, [download]
  • 我们采用CNNIC的调查数据,构造了由大量中国网民浏览行为形成的注意力流网络。根据流网络上的流距离度规,我们将整个注意力流网络嵌入到了一个高维空间中。在这个空间下,我们研究了整个中国互联网生态系统的分布情况。我们发现,网站会自发地形成4各区块。其中BAT三家大型网站构成了整个注意力的吞噬中心,它们占据了70%以上的注意力。另外,知识问答类、电子商务类、娱乐类、综合类网站分别聚集到地图中的不同位置上。


  • Peiteng Shi,Xiaohan Huang,Jun Wang, Jiang Zhang: A Geometric Representation of Collective Attention Flows; PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136243, 2015, [download]
  • With the fast development of Internet and WWW, “information overload” has become an overwhelming problem, and collective attention of users will play a more important role nowadays. As a result, knowing how collective attention distributes and flows among different websites is the first step to understand the underlying dynamics of attention on WWW. In this paper, we propose a method to embed a large number of web sites into a high dimensional Euclidean space according to the novel concept of flow distance, which both considers connection topology between sites and collective click behaviors of users. With this geometric representation, we visualize the attention flow in the data set of Indiana university clickstream over one day. It turns out that all the websites can be embedded into a 20 dimensional ball, in which, close sites are always visited by users sequentially. The distributions of websites, attention flows, and dissipations can be divided into three spherical crowns (core, interim, and periphery). 20% popular sites (Google.com, Myspace.com, Facebook.com, etc.) attracting 75% attention flows with only 55% dissipations (log off users) locate in the central layer with the radius 4.1. While 60% sites attracting only about 22% traffics with almost 38% dissipations locate in the middle area with radius between 4.1 and 6.3. Other 20% sites are far from the central area. All the cumulative distributions of variables can be well fitted by “S”-shaped curves. And the patterns are stable across different periods. Thus, the overall distribution and the dynamics of collective attention on websites can be well exhibited by this geometric representation.


  • Xintong Li,Xinran Wang,Jiang Zhang, Lingfei Wu: Allometric scaling, size distribution and pattern formation of natural cities; Palgrave Communications, 1, 15017 (2015), [download]
  • In this paper, we treated connected clusters of nighttime light as natural cities. We then study the allometric scaling laws, Zipf laws, and fractals on these natural cities. A concise model based on geometric matching mechanism is built to reproduce all the observed patterns.


  • Jiang Zhang,Xintong Li,Xinran Wang, Wen-xu Wang, Lingfei Wu: Scaling behaviours in the growth of networked systems and their geometric origins; SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 2015, 5: 9767, [download]
  • In many networked systems (cities, online communities), links (or interactions) grow faster than nodes, as well, the diversity of nodes grow slower than nodes. We build a simple random network model based on geometric matching mechanism to reproduce both phenomena. The extensive model is further applied to model the distribution of natural cities.


  • Liangzhu Guo,Xiaodan Lou,Peiteng Shi, Jun Wang, Xiaohan Huang, Jiang Zhang: Open Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks; Physica A, Vol 437, 1, 235–248, [download]
  • Open flow network is a special weighted directed graph in which weighted links are flows, and the flows are in balance. We define a new set of distance metrics, which measure the average length of particles flow from i to j. Based on the distances, we discuss the calculation of trophic levels of specied on energetic food webs, the centrality of nodes, and the industrial clustering problem on input-ouput networks, etc. We also compare the new distances with old distances on graph.


  • Hongmei Lei,Ying Chen,Ruiqi Li, Deli He, Jiang Zhang: Maximum Entropy for the International Division of Labor; PLoS ONE 2015, 10(7): e0129955., [download]
  • As a result of the international division of labor, the trade value distribution on different products substantiated by international trade flows can be regarded as one country’s strategy for competition. Each country wants to diversify their investments on different products as well as make profits as possible as they can. We build a model based on maximum entropy principle to reproduce the distribution curves of countries. The results show that almost all countries' export share distributions can be explained by the maximum entropy model if the constraints are properly selected.



  • Lingfei Wu,Jiang Zhang,Min Zhao: The Metabolism and Growth of Web Forums; PLoS ONE 2014, 9(8): e102646, [download]
  • We view web forums as virtual living organisms feeding on user's clicks and investigate how they grow at the expense of clickstreams. We find that (the number of page views in a given time period) and (the number of unique visitors in the time period) of the studied forums satisfy the law of the allometric growth, i.e., . We construct clickstream networks and explain the observed temporal dynamics of networks by the interactions between nodes. We describe the transportation of clickstreams using the function , in which is the total amount of clickstreams passing through node and is the amount of the clickstreams dissipated from to the environment. It turns out that , an indicator for the efficiency of network dissipation, not only negatively correlates with , but also sets the bounds for . In particular, when and when . Our findings have practical consequences. For example, can be used as a measure of the “stickiness” of forums, which quantifies the stable ability of forums to remain users “lock-in” on the forum. Meanwhile, the correlation between and provides a method to predict the long-term “stickiness” of forums from the clickstream data in a short time period. Finally, we discuss a random walk model that replicates both of the allometric growth and the dissipation function.


  • Jiang Zhang,Yuanjing Feng: Common patterns of energy flow and biomass distribution on weighted food webs; Physica A 405 (2014) 278–288, [download]
  • Some new common patterns such as dissipation law, gravity law, and allometric scaling are found on the collected energetic food webs.


  • Peiteng Shi,Jiang Zhang,Bo Yang, Jingfei Luo: Hierarchicality of Trade Flow Networks Reveals Complexity of Products; PLoS ONE 2014, 9(6): e98247, [download]
  • With globalization, countries are more connected than before by trading flows, which amounts to at least 36 trillion dollars today. Interestingly, around 30-60 percents of exports consist of intermediate products in global. Therefore, the trade flow network of particular product with high added values can be regarded as value chains. The problem is weather we can discriminate between these products from their unique flow network structure? This paper applies the flow analysis method developed in ecology to 638 trading flow networks of different products. We claim that the allometric scaling exponent \eta can be used to characterize the degree of hierarchicality of a flow network, i.e., whether the trading products flow on long hierarchical chains. Then, it is pointed out that the flow networks of products with higher added values and complexity like machinary, transport equipment etc. have larger exponents, meaning that their trade flow networks are more hierarchical. As a result, without the extra data like global input-output table, we can identify the product categories with higher complexity, and the relative importance of a country in the global value chain by the trading network solely.

  • Hongmei Lei,Jiang Zhang: Capabilities’ substitutability and the “S” curve of export diversity; EPL 105 (2014) 68003, [download]
  • Product diversity, which is highly important in economic systems, has been high-
    lighted by recent studies on international trade. We found an empirical pattern, designated as “S-shaped curve”, that models the relationship between economic size (logarithmic GDP) and export diversity (the number of varieties of export products) on the detailed international trade data. As the economic size of a country begins to increase, its export diversity initially increases in an exponential manner, but overtime, this diversity growth slows and eventually reaches an upper limit. The interdependence between size and diversity takes the shape of an S-shaped curve that can be fitted by a logistic equation. To explain this phenomenon, we introduce a parameter called “substitutability” into the list of capabilities or factors of products in the tri-partite network model (i.e., the country-capability-product model) of Hidalgo et al. As we observe, when the substitutability is zero, the model returns to Hidalgo’s original model but failed to reproduce the S-shaped curve. However, in a plot of data, the data increasingly resembles an S-shaped curve as the substitutability expands. Therefore, the diversity ceiling effect can be explained by the substitutability of different capabilities.


  • Jiang Zhang,Lingfei Wu: Allometry and Dissipation of Ecological Flow Networks; PLoS ONE 2013, 8(9): e72525. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072525, [download]
  • 本文研究了19个生态流网络中普适的异速标度律和耗散律,并指出了异速标度律指数与耗散律指数之间存在着负相关关系。

  • Lingfei Wu,Jiang Zhang: The decentralized flow structure of clickstreams on the web; European Physics Journal B (2013) 86: 266, DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2013-40132-2, [download]
  • 该文章将食物网中计算能量流网络的异速生长律的方法引入到点击流网络中,发现异速生长指数普遍小于1,这揭示出了一种点击流网络的去中心化结构。

  • Pei-teng Shi,Jing-fei Luo,Peng-hao Wang, Jiang Zhang: Centralized Flow Structure of International Trade Networks for Different Products; International Conference on Management Science & Engineering, 2013/7/17-2013/7/19, pp 91-99, 哈尔滨, 2013/7/17, [download]
  • All countries in the world are connected with each other and one country's export may impact other countries deeply through global value chains as the development of globalization. Owing to the regional differences in culture and resources, some countries may dominate the producing and exporting of one product in the global trade. This paper treats international trade webs of different products as flow networks to reveal a power law relationship between the goods flow through a country i (Ai) and the power impact of i to other countries (Ci) in the trade network of a specific product, Ci~Ai^\eta . Where the exponent \eta can be used to reflect the degree of the impact concentration on high through flow nodes of the whole network, it is centralized or decentralized. We discover that most of trade networks are centralized (i.e., \eta>1) and the manufacture products with high added values such as machinery equipment, iron and chemical products have larger exponent, i.e., their trade networks are more centralized than the ones of the primary products like agricultural and raw materials. This also means that the flow structure of the former is more centralized than the latter.


  • Lunchao Hu,Kailan Tian,Xin Wang, Jiang Zhang: The "S" curve relationship between export diversity and economic size of countries; Physica A 391 (2012) 731–739, [download]

  • 2011

  • Ling-Fei Wu,Jiang Zhang: Accelerating growth and size-dependent distribution of human online activities; Physical Review E 84, 026113, 2011, [download]
  • 本文研究了互联网社区中的加速生长现象,也就是网站的活动数(发帖总数、添加Tag总数)与活跃用户数量之间的超线性关系。并利用数学推导和实证数据证明,这种关系与活动分布的尺度依赖性有关

  • Jiang Zhang,You Gui Wang: Size-Dependency of Income Distributions and Its Implications; Chinese Physics Letters, 2011,28(2):038901, [download]
  • Yanqing Hu,Jiang Zhang,Zengru Di, Di Huan: Toward a general understanding of the scaling laws in human and animal mobility; European Physics Letters, 96 (2011) 38006, [download]

  • 2010

  • Jiang Zhang,Tongkui Yu: Allometric Scaling of Countries; Physica A Vol.389(2): 4887-4896(2010), [download]
  • As huge complex systems consisting of geographic regions, natural resources, people and economic entities, countries follow the allometric scaling law which is ubiquitous in ecological, urban systems. We systematically investigated the allometric scaling relationships between a large number of macroscopic properties and geographic (area), demographic (population) and economic (GDP, gross domestic production) sizes of countries respectively. We found that most of the economic, trade, energy consumption, communication related properties have significant super-linear (the exponent is larger than 1) or nearly linear allometric scaling relations with GDP. Meanwhile, the geographic (arable area, natural resources, etc.), demographic(labor force, military age population, etc.) and transportation-related properties (road length, airports) have significant and sub-linear (the exponent is smaller than 1) allometric scaling relations with area. Several differences of power law relations with respect to population between countries and cities were pointed out. Firstly, population increases sub-linearly with area in countries. Secondly, GDP increases linearly in countries but not super-linearly as in cities. Finally, electricity or oil consumptions per capita increases with population faster than cities.

  • Jiang Zhang,Liangpeng Guo: Scaling Behaviors of Weighted Food Webs as Energy Transportation Networks; Journal of Theoretical Biology 264 (2010) 760–770, [download]
  • Food webs can be regarded as energy transporting networks in which the weight of each edge denotes the energy flux between two species. By investigating 21 empirical weighted food webs as energy flow networks, we found several ubiquitous scaling behaviors. Two random variables Ai and Ci defined for each vertex i, representing the total flux (also called vertex intensity) and total indirect effect or energy store of i, were found to follow power law distributions with the exponents \alpha=1.32 and \beta=1.33, respectively. Another scaling behavior is the power law relationship, Ci~Ai^{\eta}, where \eta=1.02. This is known as the allometric scaling power law relationship because Ai can be treated as metabolism and Ci as the body mass of the subnetwork rooted from the vertex i, according to the algorithm presented in this paper. Finally, a simple relationship among these power law exponents, \eta =(\alpha−1)/(\beta−1), was mathematically derived and tested by the empirical food webs.


  • Jiang Zhang: Energy Flows in Complex Ecological Systems: A Review; Journal of Systems Science and Complexity 2009 22 (3): 345-359, [download]
  • Energy flow drives the complex systems to evolve. The allometric scaling as the universal
    energy flow pattern has been found in different scales of ecological systems. It reflects the general power law relationship between flow and store. The underlying mechanisms of energy flow patterns are explained as the branching transportation networks which can be regarded as the result of systematic optimization of a biological target under constraints. Energy flows in the ecological system may be modelled by the food web model and population dynamics on the network. This paper reviews the latest progress on the energy flow patterns, explanatory models for the allometric scaling and modelling approach of flow and network evolution dynamics in ecology. Furthermore, the possibility of generalizing these flow patterns, modelling approaches to other complex systems is discussed.

  • Jiang Zhang: Modeling Multi-species Interacting Ecosystem by a Simple Equation; CSO, vol. 1, pp.1003-1007, 2009 International Joint Conference on Computational Sciences and Optimization, 2009, [download]
  • An ecosystem can be viewed as an energy flow system in which various species are connected by energy flows along food web links. To understand the co-evolution of the fast dynamics of energy flows and slow dynamics of food web
    structure, a simple reaction diffusion equation is presented in this paper. Some statistical indicators such as total system throughflow (TST) and Shannon entropy are designed to describe the macro-level evolution of the system. The
    positive correlation between time series of TST and Shannon entropy is mainly shown. That means the diversity of the species may accelerate the total energy flows in the system. This conclusion may help us to understand general phenomena of flows and diversity in other complex systems.

  • Jiang Zhang: Allometric Scaling of Weighted Food Webs; Complex Sciences, ed. Jie Zhou, First International Conference, Complex 2009, Shanghai, China, February 23-25, 2009, 1441-1450, [download]
  • Allometric scaling is an important universal property of metabolic living systems. It also describes the self-similar branching tree-liked structures in transportation networks. This paper presented a new approach to calculate the allometric scaling power law relations for arbitrary flow networks. This method can not only avoid the shortcoming of losing lots of information in the process of generating spanning trees in the conventional approaches but also can be applied to arbitrary weighted networks. The allometric scaling properties of 20 empirical weighted food webs (weights are energy fluxes) are computed according to the new approach, the power law relationships are derived
    with the universal exponent \eta = 1.0298 which reflects the transportation efficiency of the food webs.


  • Jiang Zhang: Energy Flows and Maximum Power on an Evolutionary Ecological Community Model; 中科院系统所博士后报告, [download]
  • 食物网是研究生态群落中多个物种捕食相互作用的有力模型。食物网上的能量流由网络的结构决定,同时长时间的生物进化(物种形成与物种灭绝)又可以改变网络上的结构。为了理解网络结构与能量流的共同演化,本文提出了一个简单的积分偏微分方程模型,并用计算机模拟的方法对模型进行了讨论。最后,本文在此模型简化的特殊情况基础上,证明了最大功率原理——随着食物网演化,总能量流增强。

  • Jiang Zhang: Complexity and Universality of Iterated Finite Automata; Journal of Complex Systems, 2008,18(1): 145-158, [download]
  • Iterated Finite Automaton (IFA) is invented by Wolfram for studying the conventional Finite State Automata(FSA) by means of A New Kind of Science (NKS) methodology. An IFA is a composition of a finite state automaton and a tape with limited cells. The complexity of behaviors generated by various FSA operating on different tapes can be visualized by two dimensional patterns. Through enumerating all possible 2-state and 3-color IFA, this paper shows that there are a variety of complex behaviors in these simple computational systems. These patterns can be divided into 8 classes roughly such as regular
    patterns, noisy structures, complex behaviors, and so forth. Also they show the similarity between iterated finite automata and elementary cellular automata. Furthermore, any cellular automaton can be emulated by an IFA and vice versa. That means IFA supports universal computation.


  • Jiang Zhang: Energy Flows and Maximum Power on an Evolutionary Ecological Network Model; : Energy Flows and Maximum Power on an Evolutionary Ecological Network Model, Advances in Artificial Life: 9th European Conference, ECAL 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, 113~123, [download]
  • 通过对食物网上的种群动力学建立微分方程模型,我们可以讨论整体网络上的功率:即能量流总量。按照一个简单的算法演化这个食物网络使得模型可以探讨物种多样性和能量总流量之间的关系。主要结论是:在通常情况下,能量流和物种多样性呈现正相关关系。


  • 张江: 基于Agent的计算经济学建模方法及其关键技术研究; , [download]
  • 本文章是作者在2006年完成的博士论文,主要介绍了作者开发的模型:AEM以及计算机仿真结果。

  • Jiang Zhang,Li Xuewei,He Zhongxiong: Computational Unified Set Theory and Application; Engineering Science Vol.3 No.3, [download]
  • 本文讨论了统一集的新发展方向:可计算统一集。其基本思路是用Granule作为基本建筑块,在数据库环境下进行不断组合、重构以实现学习和适应,从而创造复杂的动态,这些复杂的动态都是计算统一集的认知结果。这样,模糊集、粗糙集、Vague集将会被视为一种涌现属性。也就是说,各种思维中的不确定性被解释为复杂认知系统的涌现规律。


  • Jiang Zhang,Xuewei Li: Evolutionary Computational Granular Model and Applications; Advances in Natural Computation, Springer(2005):309~312, [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 用数字人工生命探索复杂适应系统(Using Digital Artificial Life to Investigate Complex Adaptive System); 复杂系统与复杂性科学,Vol.2(1),2005: 39~48, [download]
  • Jiang Zhang,Xuewei Li: The Environment and Control of Complex System; International Journal of Information and System Sciences, Vol 1(3~4): 372~381, 2005, [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 基于混沌边缘的决策行为分析(Analysis of Decision Making Behavior based on Edge of Chaos); 控制与决策, Vol 20(10): 1147~1151, 2005, [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 认知模型与统一集(Cognition model and Unified Set); 北京交通大学学报Vol.29(6), [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 人工经济系统-复杂经济系统的建模(Artificial Economy Model: Modeling Complex Economic Systems); 复杂系统与复杂性科学,Vol.2 No.4 P.37-45, 2005, [download]
  • 张江: 人工生命——一种不仅仅是技术的科学(Artificial Life – Beyond Techniques, Studies in Dialectics of Nature); 自然辩证法研究, Vol.21(2), 2005, [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 人工社会——基于Agent的社会学仿真(Artificial Societies —— Agent based social simulation); 系统工程, [download]
  • 人工社会研究的一个综述


  • 张江,李学伟,贺仲雄: 统一集理论及其在复杂大系统中的应用(All Set Theory and its Applications in Large Scale System); 张嗣瀛,王福利:2004中国控制与决策学术年会论文集, 东北大学出版社(2004.5):107~110, [download]

  • 2003

  • 王旭,张江,崔平远: 一种基于蚁群算法求解路径规划问题的新方法(A New Method for a Path Planning Problem Based on Ant Colony Algorithm); 中国智能自动化会议, (2003.12):996~999, [download]
  • 王旭,张江,崔平远: 一种基于人元模型的多智能主体系统(A Multi-agent System Based on Human Element Model); 2003年中国智能自动化会议, (2003.12):1249~1253, [download]

  • 2002

  • 张江,林华,贺仲雄: 统一集论与人工智能(All Set And Artificial Intelligence); 中国工程科学.2002.4, [download]
  • 这篇文章通过综合各种集合论提出了统一集论,定义了统一集论相关的概念及其运算,并就统一集论与人工智能、逻辑学的关系进行了初步的探讨,并讨论了将其应用于经济管理的智能决策问题。

  • 张江: 统一集中的近似集理论(Theory Of Approximation Set); 第一届全国人工智能基础会议, [download]
  • 将统一集理论应用于粗糙集与模糊集的结合提出了近似集理论,并为新型的近似推力技术奠定了基础

  • 谢砚青,张江,国强,林华: 宏观复杂大系统决策方法:模糊、灰色、物元空间(FHW*)理论、实践与进展(The Policy Decision Supporting System In Macro Complex System:Fuzzy Gray Matter-element Space Theory, It’s practical Application And Development); 中国工程科学2002.11, [download]
  • 张江,李学伟: 统一集在决策科学中的应用(The Application Of All Set Theory On Decision Science); , [download]
  • 将统一集应用到决策科学中,指出人类的决策过程就是一个统一集的运算序列并提出了决策型的概念。在这个概念下,可以把模糊综合评判、FHW等等决策理论用简单统一的形式表达出来。


  • 张江,贺仲雄: 可拓机器学习初探(The Primary Research Of Extension Theory Based Machine Learning); 中国人工智能学会2001年全国学术年会会议论文集, [download]
  • 为解决机器学习中的封闭世界假说的限制问题,引入了可拓的概念,运用可拓学的变换方法研究动态的开放式的机器学习方法

  • 陈峰,张江: 铁路轨道状态检测数据处理智能分析方法(Artificial Neural Network Based Intelligent Analysis Of Track Geometry Inspection Statistics); 铁道学报,2001,vol.23(5):92~95, [download]
  • 将人工神经网络的BP算法应用于轨检数据的智能处理和自动分类上。


  • 张江,贺仲雄: 基于人元模型的智能人才管理系统初探(Intelligent Management System Of Personel Research Based On Human Element); WCICA2000 Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, 2000,8:2636~2640(第三届全球智能控制与自动化大会会议论文集), [download]
  • 本文把本人提出的人元概念应用到人才的软匹配问题中去,并结合人工智能、遗传算法讨论了具体的软匹配算法及其人才软匹配系统的初步实现。

  • 张江: 集对分析在信息查询技术中的应用; 第五届集对分析年会会议论文, [download]
  • 运用集对分析的同异反概念和联系数定义了一种新的信息之间的关联度,结合关联度讨论了信息的查询技术。

  • 张江,贺仲雄: 基于人元模型的人才软匹配系统初探(Human Element Model Based Person Soft Matching System Primary Research); Proceedings of 7th Jount International Computer Conference, 2000.10:1405~1412(第七届联合国际计算机会议论文集), [download]
  • 本文把本人提出的人元概念应用到人才的软匹配问题中去,并结合人工智能、遗传算法讨论了具体的软匹配算法及其人才软匹配系统的初步实现。


  • 张江: 基于模糊的FEEC在建筑建设工程、区域规划中的应用(The Application Of FEEC Based On Fuzzy In construction Engineering And Regional Scheme); 模糊系统与数学1999.13增刊, [download]
  • 把模糊可拓经济控制论的理论方法应用到建设项目的规划与管理工作中。

  • 张江: 模糊数学及系统方法在土地资源学中的应用(The Application Of FEEC Based On Fuzzy In construction Engineering And Regional Scheme); 模糊系统与数学. 1999.13增刊, [download]
  • 将模糊数学的方法以及一般系统论应用到土地资源学中,对土地利用的实际问题进行了一定的探讨


  • 张江,黄树林: 基于FUZZY方法的SSDSS在土木工程中(The Application Of SSDSS Based On Fuzzy Method In Civil Engineering); 模糊集理论与应用, [download]
  • 将Fuzzy set和软科学决策支持系统运用于土木工程

  • 张江: 集对分析在土木建筑工程中的应用(The Application About Set Pair Analysis In Civil Engineer); 第四届集对分析年会会议论文, [download]
  • 将集对分析以及模糊联系数等概念应用到土木工程的决策问题中。

  • 黄树林,张江,李华,贺仲雄: 模糊化的联系数及其应用初探(Fuzzy Connection-Number And Its Primary Application); 模糊集理论与应用, [download]
  • 将集对分析中的联系数概念模糊化,提出了模糊联系数,并对它的应用进行了初步探讨

  • 张江,李志辉,贺仲雄: 人的物元模型及其应用初探(The ME Model Of Human And Its Application); 第七届物元分析及可拓学年会会议论文, [download]
  • 提出了人元的概念,并就人元的可拓性质以及初步的应用进行了探讨

Copyright by Jake, 2010
Please contact me: jakezj##163.com